Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(6): 414-421.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.37

Scopus ID: 85086623981
  Abstract View: 1707
  PDF Download: 728

History of Medicine in Iran

Contagious Diseases and its Consequences in the Late Qajar Period Mashhad (1892–1921)

Jalil Ghassabi Gazkouh 1 ORCID logo, Hadi Vakili 1 ORCID logo, Seyyed Mehrdad Rezaeian 2 ORCID logo, Seyyed Alireza Golshani 1,3 ORCID logo, Alireza Salehi 3* ORCID logo

1 Department of History, Dr. Ali Shariati Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Food Hygiene and Aquatics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding Author: Alireza Salehi, MD, MPH, PhD; Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Tel: +98-917-1127256; Email: , Email: salehiar@sums.ac.ir


One of the historical periods of Iran that can be studied for contagious diseases and how they spread, is the late Qajar period. The city of Mashhad, after Tehran and Tabriz, had a special place among Russian and English governments in the Qajar period as one of the significant religious, political and economic centers in Iran due to Imam Reza’s holy shrine, a large population and great geographical scale. The central governments’ incompetence in preventing the outbreak of contagious diseases and lack of essential amenities, caused many lives to be lost all over Iran and especially Mashhad during the Qajar period. Hence, the neighbor governments such as Russia, ordered for quarantines to be set up at the borders and dispatched doctors to stop diseases’ from reaching Russian lands. However, these attempts did not prevent the deaths of people in the border areas, especially in Mashhad, from diseases such as cholera, plague, smallpox, typhus, flu and other diseases. In this study, we investigate and explain the subjects: disease outbreaks, the problem of commerce, quarantine and its outcomes at the end of Qajar period, between the years 1892 and 1921 AD in Mashhad, with the help of historical and documentary sources using an analytical and medical historiography method.

Cite this article as: T. Contagious diseases and its consequences in the Late Qajar period Mashhad (1892–1921). Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(6):414–421. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.37.
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Submitted: 15 Oct 2019
Accepted: 21 Dec 2019
ePublished: 01 Jun 2020
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