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Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(COVID-19 Special Issue): S43-S48.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.s9

Scopus ID: 85084169999
  Abstract View: 1072
  PDF Download: 375

Opinion

Provision of Peace and Right to Health through Sanctions: Threats and Opportunities

Reihaneh Dastafkan 1, Hadi Salehi 2*, Mohammad Mehdi Hooshmand 3

1 International Law Department, School of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Public Law Department School of Law & Political Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
3 International Law Department, School of Law & Political Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Hadi Salehi, PhD; Assistant Professor of Public Law, School of Law & Political Science, Public Law Department, Shiraz University; Practice Lawyer & Legal Consultant, Tehran, Iran. Address: Entrance NO 4, Legal Office, Ministry of ICT, Shariati Street, Tehran, Iran. Cell: 00989128391735, Email: Salehi.0306@gmail.com

Abstract

According to the purposes for the formation of the United Nations, sophistication of institutions like the Security Council must be evaluated based on the provision of peace and how they guarantee human rights. Therefore, in case Security Council does not follow these two mentioned factors, its function would be itself a threat to the international peace and security. This analytical research is based on collecting library theoretical data related to different field studies which investigated the effects of sanctions issued by the Security Council, the United States and the European Union on citizens’ health and tried to assess both their efficiency and legitimacy. The right to health is connected with the right of living. In case enough drugs, appropriate treatment and medical equipment are not provided at the proper time, both physical and mental health might be threatened and this can cause death of a large number of people. Considering the Security Council as an institution which is expected to take into account the citizens’ basic rights and not to ignore its own initial objective, the present paper was an attempt to provide explanations for the above concepts and their relationships and to analyze the findings of previous field studies. The paper concluded that sanctions issued by the Security Council and the United States are potentially functioning as threats to the international peace and so these sanctions are violating the citizens’ right to health.
Keywords: Economic sanction, Jurisprudence, International law, International peace, Legal obligation, Right to health, Smart sanction
Cite this article as: Dastafkan R, Salehi H, Hooshmand MM. Provision of peace and right to health through sanctions: threats and opportunities. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4 suppl 1):43–48. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.s9.
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Submitted: 12 May 2019
Accepted: 12 Oct 2019
ePublished: 01 Apr 2020
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