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Arch Iran Med. 2018;21(10): 443-451.
PMID: 30415552
Scopus ID: 85056359534
  Abstract View: 3209
  PDF Download: 1783

Original Article

The Association Between Major Dietary Patterns and Pregnancy-related Complications

Hossein Hajianfar 1,2,3,4, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh 1,5,6, Awat Feizi 7, Zahra Shahshahan 8, Leila Azadbakht 1,5,9*

1 Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Food Safety Research Center(SALT), Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
3 Department of Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
4 Research Committee of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7 Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
8 Departments of Gynecology, School of Medicine Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
9 Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Leila Azadbakht, Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Tel: +981311792-2719, Fax: +9813116682509, Email: , Email: azadbakht@hlth.mui.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Most pregnancy-related complications are associated with increased risks of adverse outcomes for mother and her infant. Although, relations between diet and pregnancy’s complications indicate that there may be some benefits of nutritional factors to prevent such disorders, there are rare studies regarding the associations of dietary patterns and mentioned complications. So, the aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of pregnancy-related complications.

Methods: The current prospective observational study was based on the data collected from 812 pregnant women. Dietary data was collected using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire.

Results: Three major dietary patterns identified according to the results from the factor loading matrix were: (i) ‘western dietary pattern’; (ii) ‘traditional dietary pattern’; (iii) ‘healthy dietary pattern’. Overall, this study demonstrated a marginal significant inverse association between high adherence to healthy dietary pattern and chance of having pre-eclampsia. Also, a high chance of pre-eclampsia was observed among women with the most adherence to western dietary pattern.

Conclusion: We found that dietary patterns might be associated with the risk of pregnancy-related complications. Further studies are required to confirm these findings.


Cite this article as: Hajianfar H, Esmaillzadeh A, Feizi A, Shahshahan Z, Azadbakht L. The association between major dietary patterns and pregnancy-related complications. Arch Iran Med. 2018;21(10):443–451.
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Submitted: 09 Nov 2017
Accepted: 27 May 2018
ePublished: 01 Oct 2018
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