Background: Organ preservation solutions are not easily accessible in Iran, similar to many resource-limited countries. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a locally-produced HTK solution among adult liver transplantation candidates in a pilot clinical trial study.
Methods: Adult patients undergoing liver transplantation were randomly allocated into two groups. One received the HTK solution (PharMedCina Inc., Shiraz, Iran), and the second received the commercially available HTK solution (Custodiol ®).
Results: Overall, 28 individuals entered the study, including 11 and 9 males (78.6% and 64.3%) in the Custodiol® and local HTK groups, respectively. Clinical characteristics, including postoperative biliary complications, reperfusion syndrome, infection and primary non-function (PNF) rates, amount of intraoperative bleeding, length of hospital and ICU stay, peak aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and duration of follow-up were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). One patient died in the locally-produced HTK group. The patient underwent re-transplantation 20 days after his first liver transplantation due to PNF. Two patients died in the Custodiol group, both due to PNF of the liver, which occurred five and three days after transplantation. The two groups did not show any difference regarding serum levels of AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, platelet count, prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, white blood cell count, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine on the first postoperative day and on the day of discharge (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this pilot study with the current sample size, no statistically significant difference was found between our locally-produced HTK solution and Custodiol® regarding clinical outcomes