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Arch Iran Med. 2022;25(2): 91-97.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2022.15
  Abstract View: 888
  PDF Download: 408

COVID-19

Original Article

Rapid Detection Test for COVID-19 among Healthcare Workers and the Role of Personal Protective Equipment

Mahboubeh Hajiabdolbaghi 1 ORCID logo, Armin Aryannejad 2 ORCID logo, Mohammadreza Tabary 2, Pourya Farhangi 2, Alireza Abdollahi 3, Sara Ghaderkhani 1, Mostafa Amini 4, Elaheh Kimyaee 5, Athareh Ranjbar 6, Mohammadreza Salehi 1, Fereshteh Ghiasvand 1, Mohsen Meidani 1, Malihe Hasannezhad 1, Esmaeil Mohammadnejad 7, Mahnaz Hadipour 8, Farnaz Araghi 9, Baharnaz Mashinchi 2*, Arash Seifi 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Pathology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 University’s Deputy of Treatment, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Central Laboratory, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Nursing, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing and Basic Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
8 University Infection Control Unit, Deputy of Treatment, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
9 Skin Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: *Corresponding Author: Baharnaz Mashinchi, MD; School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Address: Ibn-e-sina St, Tehran, Iran; Tel: +989224850461; Email: , Email: baharnaz.mashinchi@gmail.com; *Corresponding Author: Arash Seifi, MD; Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Address: Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Gharib St, Tehran, Iran; Tel: +982166581598; Fax: +982166581598; Email: , Email: a-seifi@sina.tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: In this study, we assessed the prevalence of positive rapid detection test (RDT) among healthcare workers (HCWs) and evaluated the role of personal protective equipment (PPE) and knowledge of the pandemic.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted between August 2020 and October 2020 in a tertiary referral center (Tehran, Iran), we enrolled 117 physicians, nurses, and other HCWs (OHCWs)—aides, helpers, and medical waste handlers—regularly working in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wards. The RDT kit was utilized to reveal recent infection; data on demographics, PPE use and availability, and knowledge of the pandemic was collected through pre-defined questionnaires.

Results: Overall, 24.8% (95% CI: 16.8–32.7%) of HCWs had positive RDTs. The more PPE was available and used, the less the chance of positive RDT was (OR: 0.63 [0.44–0.91], P = 0.014 and 0.63 [0.41–0.96], P = 0.030). The same was true for the knowledge of prevention and adhering to preventive rules (OR: 0.44 [0.24–0.81], P = 0.008 and 0.47 [0.25–0.89], P = 0.020). OHCWs had the highest prevalence of positive RDT, while they had more shifts per month, less accessibility to PPE, and less knowledge of the pandemic than physicians.

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that HCWs should have a thorough knowledge of the pandemic along with using PPE properly and rationally. Furthermore, adhering to preventive regulations plays a crucial role in HCWs’ safety. It is also noteworthy that shifts should be arranged logically to manage exposures, with a special attention being paid to OHCWs.



Cite this article as: Hajiabdolbaghi M, Aryannejad A, Tabary M, Farhangi P, Abdollahi A, Ghaderkhani S, et al. Rapid detection test for covid-19 among healthcare workers and the role of personal protective equipment. Arch Iran Med. 2022;25(2):91-97. doi: 10.34172/aim.2022.15
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Submitted: 11 Jan 2021
Revision: 21 Aug 2021
Accepted: 03 Sep 2021
ePublished: 01 Feb 2022
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