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Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(5): 434-444.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.62
  Abstract View: 234
  PDF Download: 160

COVID-19

Original Article

Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in Hormozgan, Iran: A Retrospective, Multicenter Study

Mehdi Hasani Azad 1, Farid Khorrami 2, Mitra Kazemi Jahromi 3, Nader Alishan Karami 2, Mehraban Shahi 2, Nasrin Davari Dolatabadi 2, Golnaz Sadat Mousavi 1, Abbas Sheikhtaheri 4,5*

1 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Health Information Technology, Faculty of Paramedicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
4 Health Management and Economics Research Center, Health Management Research Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Health Information Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Abbas Sheikhtaheri, PhD, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Health Management Research Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Email: sheikhtaheri.a@iums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: To better manage the COVID-19 pandemic, it is necessary to carefully study information about patients with COVID-19.
Objective: To report clinical and epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients in southern Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted based on data extracted from the COVID-19 registry of Hormozgan. Data from patients with confirmed COVID-19 based on CT-scan results or real-time reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results until September 25, 2020, were analyzed for this study (2351 inpatients). We reported demographics, signs and symptoms on admission, comorbidities, and treatments, as well as clinical outcomes, hospital stay, and intensive care unit (ICU) admission.
Results: Most of patients were men (1235/2351; 52.5%) and the most common signs and symptoms included cough (1343/2351; 57.1%), shortness of breath (1224/2351; 52.1%) and fever. The most common comorbidities included hypertension (410/2351 (17.4%), diabetes (343/2351; 14.6%) and chronic cardiac disease (282/2351; 12%). Also, 228 patients (9.7%) were hospitalized in the ICU. The mortality rate was 12.5% (295/2351) among all patients and 64.5% (147/228) in ICU wards, respectively. The number of cases with comorbidities including hypertension, chronic cardiac disease, diabetes, chronic neurological disorders, chronic kidney disease, chronic hematologic disease, malignant neoplasm, moderate or severe liver disease, dementia and fauvism in the ICU was significantly higher than the general wards.
Conclusion: Most characteristics of our patients were similar to those reported in other studies; however, our patients were younger and suffered from a less severe disease. The mortality rate in the ICU was higher than other studies.
Keywords: COVID-19, Epidemiology, Hormozgan, Iran
Cite this article as: Hasani Azad M, Khorrami F, Kazemi Jahromi M, Alishan Karami N, Shahi M, Davari Dolatabadi N, et al. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Hormozgan, Iran: a retrospective, multicenter study. Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(5):434-444. doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.62
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Abstract View: 234

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Submitted: 23 Jan 2021
Accepted: 27 Feb 2021
ePublished: 01 May 2021
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