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Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(1): 78-83.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.11

Scopus ID: 85101350335
  Abstract View: 1473
  PDF Download: 739

History of Medicine

Spanish Flu and the End of World War I in Southern Iran from 1917–1920

Seyyed Alireza Golshani 1* ORCID logo, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad 2, Mohammad Hossein Taghrir 3, Sedigheh Ghasempoor 4, Alireza Salehi 1* ORCID logo

1 Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Student research committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: Email: golshani_22@yahoo.com; Email: salehiar@sums.ac.ir

Abstract

The Spanish Flu was one of the disasters in the history of Iran, especially Southern Iran, which led to the death of a significant number of people in Iran. It started on October 29, 1917, and lasted till 1920 – a disaster that we can claim changed the history. In one of the First World War battlefields in southern Iran in 1918, there was nothing left until the end of World War I and when the battle between Iranian warriors (especially people of Dashtestan and Tangestan in Bushehr, Arabs, and people of Bakhtiari in Khuzestan and people of Kazerun and Qashqai in Fars) and British forces had reached its peak. As each second encouraged the triumph for the Iranians, a flu outbreak among Iranian warriors led to many deaths and, as a result, military withdrawal. The flu outbreak in Kazerun, Firoozabad, Farshband, Abadeh, and even in Shiraz changed the end of the war. In this article, we attempt to discuss the role of the Spanish flu outbreak at the end of one of the forefronts of World War I.

Cite this article as: Golshani SA, Zohalinezhad ME, Taghrir MH, Ghasempoor S, Salehi A. Spanish flu and the end of World War I in Southern Iran from 1917–1920. Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(1):78–83. doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.11.
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Submitted: 21 Jun 2020
Accepted: 18 Nov 2020
ePublished: 01 Jan 2021
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