Logo-aim
Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(9): 633-638.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.76

Scopus ID: 85091810611
  Abstract View: 254
  PDF Download: 207

COVID-19

Original Article

Anxiety Severity Levels and Coping Strategies during the COVID-19 Pandemic among People Aged 15 Years and Above in Gonabad, Iran

Fatemeh Mohammadzadeh 1 ORCID logo, Ali Delshad Noghabi 2* ORCID logo, Shahla Khosravan 3 ORCID logo, Javad Bazeli 4 ORCID logo, Vajihe Armanmehr 2 ORCID logo, Toktam Paykani 2 ORCID logo

1 Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Health, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2 Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3 Department of Community Health Nursing & Nursing Management, School of Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4 Department of Medical Emergencies, School of Nursing, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Ali Delshad Noghabi, MSc; Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran. Tel: +98-9151778795; Email: noghabi1392@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is a global health problem. It is necessary to provide evidence on its unprecedented psychological effects to develop effective psychological interventions. The current study aims to determine the anxiety severity level, coping strategies, and influencing factors in response to the COVID-19 pandemic among people aged 15 years and above in Gonabad, Iran.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey via online questionnaires between February and March 2020. We evaluated the anxiety severity levels and coping strategies using the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS) and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations–Short Form (CISS-SF), respectively. Multinomial and ordinal logistic regression models were used to identify the predictors of coping strategies and anxiety.

Results: Totally, 500 people completed the questionnaires (response rate: 73%). Of them, 53.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 48.9%- 57.8%) suffered moderate to severe levels of anxiety. More than half of the respondents (52.0%; 95% CI: 47.5%-56.4%) utilized emotional-based or avoidant coping strategies. People with no academic education (odds ratio [OR]: 2.16; 95% CI: 1.41- 3.31) and without physical exercise (OR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.22-3.33) preferred emotional-based coping instead of problem-based coping strategy. Female gender (OR: 1.60, 95%, CI: 1.13-2.28), underlying medical conditions (OR: 2.52, 95% CI: 1.65–3.87), and emotional-based coping (OR: 4.06, 95% CI: 2.76–5.99) were associated with higher severity levels of anxiety.

Conclusion: The severity of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic was significant among participants. Further attention is needed to enhance the mental health of the vulnerable population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings also identified some factors related to the severity level of anxiety related to COVID-19 that could help formulate better psychological interventions.

Keywords: Anxiety, COVID-19, Iran, Pandemics, Psychological adaptation
Cite this article as: Mohammadzadeh F, Delshad Noghabi A, Khosravan S, Bazeli J, Armanmehr V, Paykani T. Anxiety severity levels and coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic among people aged 15 years and above in Gonabad, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(9):633–638. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.76.
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 254

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 207

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 17 Apr 2020
Accepted: 29 Jun 2020
ePublished: 01 Sep 2020
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)