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Arch Iran Med March. 2020;23(4): 220-234.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.02
  Abstract View: 2614
  PDF Download: 3166

Original Article

COVID-19 Pandemic and Comparative Health Policy Learning in Iran

Azam Raoofi 1 ORCID logo, Amirhossein Takian 1,2,3 * ORCID logo, Ali Akbari Sari 1, Alireza Olyaeemanesh 3,4, Hajar Haghighi 1, Mohsen Aarabi 5,6

1 Department of Health Economics and Management, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Global Health & Public Policy, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Health Equity Research Center (HERC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Health Economics, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Azad University (IR) in Oxford, Oxford, UK
6 Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Amirhossein Takian, MD, PhD; Department of Global Health & Public Policy, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Poursina Avenue, Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran, Iran, P.O Box: 1417613151, Tel: +98-21-42933225, E-mail: takian@tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a global pandemic. Starting in December 2019 from China, the first cases were officially announced on February 19 in Qom city, Iran. As of April 3, 2020, 206 countries have reported a total of 932166 cases with 46764 deaths. Along with China, USA, Italy, Spain, and Germany, Iran has been suffering the hardest burden of COVID-19 outbreak. Worse still, countries like Iran are struggling with the double burden of political sanctions to provide lifesaving medical equipment and medicines to combat the emergency.

Methods: Using systematic document content analysis and through the lenses of health policy triangle, this article aims to compare the policies and strategies that Iran is adopting, with the experience and recommendations of China and WHO to combat COVID-19.

Results: Iran has formulated contextual-based policies to combat COVID-19 outbreak before and after virus entrance. Insufficient whole-government, whole-society approach in managing the outbreak, inadequate lifesaving and protective equipment, and delayed decisive governance are the biggest challenges in policy making to combat COVID-19. COVID-19 policies are a public health concern and require professional advocacy attempts through appropriate inter-sectoral collaboration and whole-government coalitions.

Conclusion: COVID-19 is an unfolding outbreak; hence, policy learning is crucial to formulate appropriate policies and implement them accordingly. Iran has made many efforts to defeat the outbreak, but more coherent, timely and efficient action is required, now, more than ever, to save lives and slow the spread of this pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19, Health Policy, Iran, Learning, Pandemic
Cite this article as: Raoofi A, Takian A, Akbari Sari A, Olyaeemanesh A, Haghighi H, Aarabi M. COVID-19 pandemic and comparative health policy learning in Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4):220–234. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.02.
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Submitted: 18 Mar 2020
Accepted: 21 Mar 2020
ePublished: 05 Apr 2020
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