Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged
15 and over in the province of Yazd in 2015.
Method: This cross-sectional field study was conducted on
the residents of both urban and rural areas of the Yazd province. Through
systematic random cluster sampling, 1200 individuals were selected from the
residents of urban and rural areas of Yazd, Ardekan and Meybod. The 28-item
version of the General Health Questionnaire was applied as the screening tool.
The data were analyzed using SPSS, version 18.0 for windows.
Results: This study indicates that through
traditional scoring method, 26.7% of study population were highly suspicious
for psychiatric disorders (32.1% of females and 21.4% of males). The prevalence
of probable psychiatric disorders in urban areas (28.7%) was higher than the prevalence
in rural areas (21.3%). The prevalence of probable somatization and anxiety was
higher than the prevalence of social dysfunction and depression, and also the
prevalence of these disorders was higher in women. The findings of this study
show that the prevalence of probable psychiatric disorders has a direct relationship
with increasing age and the prevalence of such disorders is higher in women,
urban residents, individuals aged more than 65, divorced and widowed
individuals, illiterate and unemployed people.
Conclusion: The results of this study show
that more than one quarter of study population were suspicious for psychiatric disorders
and the prevalence of these disorders increased from 11.8% to 26.7% since 1999.
So, health authorities in this province have to do their best for provision,
maintenance and improvement of mental health.