Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental
health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of Lorestan in 2015.
Methods: The statistical population of this
cross-sectional field survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas of
Lorestan in Iran. An estimated sample size of 1200 people was chosen using the
systematic random sampling and the cluster method. Access provided by the
contribution of Geographical Post Office of Khorramabad, Aligoodarz, and
Kuhdasht cities. The General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) was used as
a screening tool for mental disorders. Data analysis in the current study was
carried out using the SPSS-18 software.
Results: This study showed that using the
traditional scoring method, 36.3% of the subjects (40.8% of females and 31.8%
of males) were suspected of mental disorders. The prevalence of suspected
psychiatric disorders in rural areas (38.1%) was higher than the prevalence of
these disorders in urban areas (35.7%). The prevalence of suspected anxiety and
the somatization of symptoms was higher than the prevalence of social
dysfunction and depression, and the prevalence of these components was higher in
women than men. The findings of this study also showed that the prevalence of
suspected mental disorders increased significantly with age. The prevalence of
suspected cases of these disorders among women, the age group of 65 and older,
people living in urban areas, divorced and widowed, illiterate, and housewives
people was higher than the other groups.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that more than
one third of the sample were suspected of mental disorders, and the prevalence
of these disorders has increased from 19.7% in 1999 to 36.3% in 2015.
Therefore, it is mandatory for the provincial public health authorities to take
the needed steps to ensure that necessary requirements encompassing prevention
and promotion of mental health are implemented.