Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged
15 and over in the province of Hormozgan in
Methods: This cross-sectional field study was conducted on the residents of both
urban and rural areas of the Hormozgan province. Through systematic random
cluster sampling, 1200 individuals were selected from the residents of urban
and rural areas of Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh and Minab. The 28-item version of the
General Health Questionnaire was applied as the tool of screening. The data
were analyzed using SPSS, version 18.0 for windows.
Results: This study indicates
that using the traditional scoring method, 28.2% of study population are highly
suspicious for psychiatric disorders (35.4% of females and 21.1% of males). The
prevalence of probable psychiatric disorders in urban areas (28.9%) was higher than
rural areas (26.5%). The prevalence of probable somatization and anxiety was
higher than the prevalence of social dysfunction and depression, and also the
prevalence of these disorders was higher in women. The findings of this study
show that the prevalence of probable psychiatric disorders has a direct
relationship with increasing age and the prevalence of such disorders is higher
in women, urban residents, individuals aged more than 65 years, divorced and
widowed individuals, illiterate, housewives and unemployed people.
Conclusion: The results of
this study show that 28.2% of study population (more than a fourth) are suspicious
for psychiatric disorders, and the prevalence of these disorders increased from
22.9% in 1999 to 28.2% in 2015. So, health authorities in this province have to
do their best for provision, maintenance and improvement of mental health.