Background: The main objective was to describe the results of the pilot phase of the national trauma registry of Iran (NTRI) at a referral university trauma center in Tehran.
Methods: The study was performed at Sina Hospital in Tehran, Iran from August 1 to September 30, 2016. Patients who had the NTRI criteria were included. 109 data variables were analyzed including demographics, medical care information, injury characteristics, and outcomes.
Results: Over 2 months, 171 patients, predominantly males (87.1%) with an average age of 37.2 (±19.5) years were registered. The most common mechanism of injury was road traffic crash (RTC) (53.2%), followed by fall (21.1%) and penetrating injuries (18.7%). RTC represented a remarkable proportion of the injuries with higher injury severity score (ISS) (P = 0.046). The mean hospital length of stay (LOS) was 9.8 (±12.2) days. There were significant relationships between Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) (P = 0.03), drug abuse (P = 0.05), and ISS (P = 0.008) as independent variables and LOS. 21.6% of the patients were admitted to ICU, with a larger proportion of fall injuries (44.4%) (P = 0.002). Eight patients (4.7%) died during hospitalization, of which 7 cases were male. There was significant association between increasing age and ISS with death outcome.
Conclusion: After successful implementation of NTRI at a major trauma center in Tehran, RTC was identified as the main cause of admission. Most patients were young men. The mean time interval between injury occurrence and hospital admission was too long. These findings could be used to improve quality of trauma care and formulate targeted preventive strategies.