Arch Iran Med. 2012;15(10): 0.
PMID: 23020541
Scopus ID: 84867275315
  Abstract View: 1397
  PDF Download: 934

Epidemiology Review

Causality in Epidemiology

Farin Kamangar*
*Corresponding Author: Email: farin.kamangar@morgan.edu


This article provides an introduction to the meaning of causality in epidemiology and methods that epidemiologists use to distinguish causal associations from non-causal ones. Alternatives to causal association are discussed in detail. Hill’s guidelines, set forth approximately 50 years ago, and more recent developments are reviewed. The role of religious and philosophic views in our understanding of causality is briefly discussed. 

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ePublished: 01 Oct 2012
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