Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(11 Suppl. 1):S39-S42.
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Original Article

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Hamadan, Iran

Ahmad Ali Noorbala 1 * , Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi 2, Soghrat Faghihzadeh 3, Koorosh Kamali 4, Elham Faghihzadeh 5, Ahmad Hajebi 6, Shahin Akhondzadeh 7, Maryam Abbasi Nejad 8, Ardalan Solgi 9

1 Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
2 Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
4 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
5 Department of Biostatistics, Paramedical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
6 Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
7 Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
8 Psychiatrist, Depratment for Mental Health and Substnace Abuse, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
9 Responsible Manager of Mental Health office of Hamadan Provincial Health Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
‚óŹCorresponding author and reprints: Ahmad Ali Noorbala MD, Head of Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Keshavarz Blv., Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98-21-61190000, Email: noorbala1@tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of Hamadan in 2015.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey was performed among 1,200 individuals aged 15 years and older, living in urban and rural areas of the three cities of Hamedan, Asadabad, and Malayer. Individuals were enrolled in the study by clustered and systematic randomization. The General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28), was used for screening for common mental disorders. Those scoring above the cut-off point of the GHQ-28 were considered to be suffering from at least one mental disorder. Data was analyzed using the SPSS-18 software.

Results: This study showed that using the traditional scoring method, 30.7% of the subjects (31.4% of females and 29.9% of males) were suspected of having mental disorders. The prevalence of suspected psychiatric disorders in urban areas (32.8%) was higher than the prevalence of these disorders in rural areas (25.3%). The prevalence of suspected anxiety and the somatization of symptoms was higher than the prevalence of social dysfunction and depression, and the prevalence of these components was higher in women than men. The findings of this study also showed that the prevalence of suspected mental disorders increased significantly with age. The prevalence of suspected cases of these disorders among women, the age group of 65 and older, people living in urban areas, divorced and widowed, primary and secondary, and unemployed people was higher than other groups.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that about one third of the sample are suspected of mental disorders, and the prevalence of these disorders has decreased from 34.7% in 1999 to 30.7% in 2015. Therefore, it is mandatory for the provincial public health authorities to take the needed steps to ensure that necessary requirements encompassing prevention and promotion of mental health are implemented.

Cite this article as: Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A,  Akhondzadeh S, Abbasi Nejad M, Solgi A. A survey on mental health status of adult population aged 15 and above in the province of Hamadan, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2017; 20(11 Suppl. 1): S39 – S42. 
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