Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(11 Suppl. 1):S2-S6.
PMID: 29481116
  Abstract View: 828
  PDF Download: 1070

Original Article

Trends of Mental Health Status in Iranian Population Aged 15 and above between 1999 and 2015 

Ahmad Ali Noorbala 1 * , Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi 2, Soghrat Faghihzadeh 3, Koorosh Kamali 4, Elham Faghihzadeh 5, Ahmad Hajebi 6, Shahin Akhondzadeh 7, Sophia Esalatmanesh 8, HanihalSadat Bagheri Yazdi 9, Maryam Abbasinejad 10, Ali Asadi 11

1 Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
2 Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
4 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
5 Department of Biostatistics, Paramedical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
6 Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
7 Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
8 Department of Research, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
9 Department of Culture and Student Affairs, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
10 Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran,
11 Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
Corresponding author and reprints: Ahmad Ali Noorbala MD, Head of Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Keshavarz Blv., Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98-21-61190000, Email: noorbala1@tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: The main objective of this study was to compare the results of mental health surveys on adult populations of all provinces in Iran, between 1999 and 2015.

Methods: This study was an overview of two cross-sectional, descriptive studies that were performed in 1999 and 2015. The study population of these two studies consisted of urban and rural residents of all provinces in Iran. Samples were recruited by systematic random cluster sampling. In both studies, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) was used to assess mental health status of respondents. Trained psychologists completed questionnaires, and data were analyzed using SPSS software-18.

Results: The results showed that in the survey of 1999, 21% of participants suffered from mental disorders (25.9% of females and 14.9% of males). In the survey of 2015, 23.4% of samples were suspected of having mental disorders (27.6% of females and 19.3% of males). The prevalence of mental disorders increased from 1999 to 2014 by about 1.12 fold (1.06 fold in females and 1.3 fold in males). In the survey of 1999, rural residents were more at risk of mental disorders, while in the survey of 2015, urban residents were more prone to mental disorders. In both studies, the risk of suspicion for mental disorders increased with increasing age, and was higher in people aged 65 and above, as well as widowed, divorced and illiterate individuals.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed an increase in suspected cases of mental disorders in Iran from 1999 to 2015. Therefore, it is vital for policymakers and health officials to take action in order to improve and maintain mental health status of thepeople who are at risk in the country.

Cite this article as: Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A, Akhondzadeh S, Esalatmanesh S, Bagheri Yazdi HS, Abbasinejad M, Asadi A. Trends of mental health status in Iranian population aged 15 and above between 1999 and 2015. Arch Iran Med. 2017; 20(11 Suppl. 1): S2 – S6.
First name
 
Last name
 
Email address
 
Comments
 
Security code